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History | People | Culture | Festival

 Ernakulam History

Ernakulam district formed on 1st April 1958 carving areas of erstwhile Travancore-Kochi-Malabar kingdoms. Major portion of the district is from the Kochi kingdom. The district consists of the mainland Ernakulam, the man made Willington Island, Mattanchery, Fort Kochi, world's most populous area of Vypeen Island, Bolghatty Palace etc. Kochi is the most modern city of Kerala where the best shopping, markets and bazars are located.

From time immemorial Arabs, Chinese, Dutch, British and Portuguese seafarers followed the sea route to Kochi and left their impressions in the town. The Chinese fishing nets, believed to be erected in 1350 AD, swaying in the breeze over backwaters, the Jewish Synagogue, Dutch Palace, Portuguese Architecture, Bolghatty Palace etc. enrich the heritage of Kerala.

The word Ernakulam was drawn from a Tamil word Erayanarkulam means abode of Lord Shiva's. The present Ernakulam District include Paravur, Aluva, Kochi, Kanayannoor, Muvattupuzha, Kunnathunadu, Kothamangalam Taluks which come under Fortkochi and Muvattupuzha Revenue Sub Division. Prior to the formation of Idukki District, Thodupuzha Taluk was also a part of Ernakulam District. Ernakulam District was formed on April 1st 1958. The District which has an area of 895.3Sq.K.M. can be divided geographically as Highland, Midland and Coastal area. The altitude of Highland is about 1000 feet. The borders of the district are the Arabian Sea in the West, Thrissur District in the North, Idukki District in the East and Alappuzha and Kottayam District in the South. Periyar, Kerala's second largest river flows through all the Taluks except Muvattupuzha. Muvattupuzha river and a branch of Chalakkudy river all gifts of this District. Average rainfall yearly is 3431.8 mm and 139 rain days. As there are rivers, lakes and seas the region has a moderate climate. Temperature is between 31.3oCand 25.8oC . Many types of sands and soil and also rocks which are geological importance is abundant here.

Majority of islands in Kerala are in Ernakulam district which was from different parts of old Cochin-Travancore-Malabar area. The main islands of this district all man-made Willington Island,World's most populated Vypeen Island, Cheriya Kadamakkudi, Valiya Kadamakkudi, Ramanthuruthu, Ponjikkara, Vallarpadam, Kumbalam, Panangad, Cheppanam, Nettoor, Pizhala, Kankattuthuruthu, Korampadam, Cheranelloor, Chathanadu, Chendamangalam. All these islands are populated areas. All these islands are believed to have formed from the soil accumulated due to soil erosion of highlands.


 People of Ernakulam

The most important religious communities of the district are the Hindus, the Christians,and Muslims.
In Cochin Gowda Saraswatha Brahmins form an important section of the Hindus, In addition to the major communities the Buddhists, the Jains, the Sikhs, and the Jews also form part of the cosmopolitan population,

  The ancestors of the Jews
  are migrated
  from Jerusalem in 72
  Now there are very few Jewish families in Cochin.


 Ernakulam Culture

Kerala, the land of greenery, has had a unique tradition of culture, literature and the arts all along. It has developed through the centuries its own typical art forms, both classical and contemporary as well as folk art and culture including folk music, folk dance and folk rituals. The State is rich in its cultural heritage and has been making attempts to preserve it. Each region of Kerala is gifted with its own culture and is known to be the forerunner of a typical art form.


 Ernakulam fair & festival

Festivals are celebrated with much pomp and grandeur in and around the district of Ernakulam. Ernakulam and its surroundings, comprising differing faiths, creeds and communities, have stood witness to religious and cultural harmony since time immemorial. Most of the fairs and festivals of Ernakulam, Fort Kochi and neighbouring places are associated closely with the socio-cultural life of Malayalees and Keralites.

The chief socio cultural festivals of Ernakulam are Onam, Vishu and the Cochin Carnival. Among the religious festivals, Janmashtami, Christmas and Id hold prime significance. During these popular festivals, the people of this busy industrial centre of Kerala take a break from their work to rejoice in getting together and merrymaking on the occasion.

Onam is one of the most popular festivals in Kochi district of Kerala. It is held to celebrate the season of harvest. The time of the Malayalam year when this festival is celebrated is the month of Chingam. The corresponding month in the English calendar is either August or September. The state-level celebrations of Onam usually extend for ten days at a stretch. Onam is a season of merry making and gaiety in Kerala irrespective of religion, caste, creed or sect.

Vishu is one of the most well known festivals in Kochi that is celebrated by the Hindus. This festival is organized in the month of Medam in the Malayalam calendar, the month corresponding with April of the English calendar. Vishu is held to celebrate the advent of the Malayalam new year.

Cochin Carnival is one of the more important ethnic festivals that is held in the port city and especially in Fort Kochi. It is not linked with the traditional Malayalam culture but derives its lineage from the New Year celebrations of the Portuguese during their colonization period in India. The carnival is held in the last seven days of each year.


 Ernakulam Hotels


 Ernakulam Travel


TOUR NAME DURATION PLACES
Ernakulam Tour 02 Nights & 03 Days Ernakulam - Kochi - Cochin
Ernakulam Tour Tour Information
  • Starting Point:
  • Ernakulam
  • Ending Point:
  • Cochin
  • Duration:
  • 02 Nights / 03 Days
  • More Info >>
Kerala Pilgrimage Tour 03 Nights & 04 Days Cochin/Ernakulam–Guruvayoor– Ernakulam
Kerala Pilgrimage Tour Tour Information
  • Starting Point:
  • Ernakulam
  • Ending Point:
  • Ernakulam
  • Duration:
  • 03 Nights / 04 Days
  • More Info >>

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